The most important thing in stopping overpopulation of dogs and cats is to spay and neuter your pets. Understanding the benefits can help you make an informed decision. The Humane Society currently estimates 6-8 million homeless pets enter shelters every year. While half are adopted, the other 3-4 million are euthanized due to overpopulation. One female and her offspring can produce 67,000 dogs in less than 10 years. Males contribute to this problem even more, especially when allowed to roam.
Besides helping to reduce major overpopulation, the decision to spay and neuter will curb unwanted behavior, such as marking, humping and aggression (though never 100%!) Male aggression tends to be reduced while females do not suffer mood swings associated with their heat cycles. You’ll also be assured your dog can play and interact with fellow dogs without the possibility of an unwanted pregnancy!
Some people chose to breed their dog instead of fixing it because they love raising puppies and experiencing puppy birth. While an amazing experience, it only contributes to the current massive overpopulation and subsequent killing of innocent animals. Many shelters have pregnant females come in everyday. Why not contact a local shelter or rescue group and ask? You could have the chance to save innocent dogs and still experience the miracle of puppy birth!
The ASPCA has a website to help you search for a low-cost spay/neuter facility near you. Also check with your local Humane Society; many have promotions throughout the year offering little to no cost spay and neuter events.
ASPCA: Low Cost Spay/Neuter
PETA: Spay and Neuter
The Humane Society: Why You Should Spay or Neuter